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"Chinese" or "paradise" - this is the customary name for unusually beautiful, tasty and decorative tiny apples that were once often found in our gardens. In fact, a tree that produces such fruits is more correctly called a sapwood. In addition, "Kitayka" is not a variety, but a type of small apples, numbering several varieties that differ from each other.
Features, description and photos of varieties of Chinese apples
Frost-resistant, unpretentious and drought-resistant trees, on which Chinese apples grow, in addition, also super-yielding, are decorative both during flowering and at the time of fruiting. Attracting bees to themselves, they help in pollination with their neighbors, thereby increasing productivity throughout the garden. They are often used as stock.
The second name of the saponifolia apple tree is not due to its Chinese origin, but to the shape of leaves similar to Chinese plum leaves.
The oldest of the varieties of this species - "Early Golden" - was still selected by Michurin. Now this variety can be found only in old gardens. Golden apples ripen early, they weigh no more than 40 grams. Mostly fruits grow at the ends of miniature tree branches. Under the weight of apples, the shoots often break, damaging the tree. Fruits are stored for only a few days.
In addition to the "Golden Early", there is a new variety - Kerr which comes from Canada. At home, they decorate the Christmas tree with these apples and stuff the bird for Christmas.
In terms of flavor, these apples are not inferior to Antonovka. The round shape of the crown of low apple trees is preserved without pruning. Ripe apples resemble Burgundy wine in color; they look spectacularly in small clusters on long petioles against a background of graceful leaves. The fruit tastes sweet and sour, with a subtle astringency that disappears after keeping them on the tree until the first frost.
Apple tree Belfler Chinese - a vigorous variety with a round crown, large dark green oblong leaves. Shoots are very pubescent. Apples are large, oval, light yellow, with a pronounced blush. The fruit pulp is white, delicate, spicy-sour-sweet with a dessert flavor.
The variety was bred by Michurin as late autumn. Apple tree participated in the selection of more than 10 new varieties. The disadvantages of "Belfler-Chinese" include the late bearing of the variety, susceptibility to scab, tall.
The nutritional value
Consider why Chinese apples are valuable, using the example of the two most popular varieties - Belfler and Kerr.
Kerr apples are medicinal. Firstly, due to the high content of vitamin C in them, fruits prevent the appearance of hypertension. Secondly, they have enough vitamin P, which is in addition to the previous vitamin. And this means that the lovers of these apples increase the strength of capillaries. With their fragility, the risk of subcutaneous, pulmonary, gastric and other hemorrhages is great.
Although the Belfler apple tree is now widespread only in the south of Russia and the Caucasus, its appearance and taste successfully compete with those of the best southern varieties. Her apples are very large - from 120 to 300 g in weight. Some gardening enthusiasts grew up to half a kilogram for exhibits.
The excellent taste of Belfler apples is caused by their high sugar content with a small amount of acids. For example, fruits grown in central Russia contain 11% sugars, 0.7% tartaric acids and 7 mg ascorbic acid per 100 g.
Apple tree "Chinese": a review of varieties
Apple tree planting "Belfler-Chinese"
Landing is carried out in autumn or spring, in the middle lane it is better in spring. The landing pattern is as follows:
- The distance between seedlings is from 5 to 50 meters.
- The soil should be neutral, well-fertilized and moist.
- If the soil is black soil, loamy, then, having removed the top layer, make a depression in the pit by 20 cm.
- If the soil is sandy, then moss is put in a pit 80 cm deep, covered with a nutrient mixture, adding compost or manure. Landing is carried out in a year.
- In areas with a close occurrence of subsoil water, a hill is poured.
- A peg is driven into the center of the pit. The roots of the apple tree in the pit are straightened and sprinkled with earth. In this case, the root neck should be slightly higher than the soil level.
Mandatory conditions for the successful growth of apple trees after planting are:
- abundant watering after in any weather, make a hole to drain excess water around the circumference;
- mulching with sawdust, bark, manure to retain moisture;
- spring whitewashing of the trunk for the prevention of sunburn;
- regular spring pruning and removal of dry branches;
- autumn pruning and crown formation, especially for horizontal side shoots. In this case, the sections are covered with garden var.
Harvesting and storage
The fruits of the Chinese woman ripen from August to the end of September. Apples do not crumble. The smallest of these varieties are stored in the refrigerator until January. Belfler apples are best preserved - up to 4 months, in addition, they are easy to transport.
Autumn varieties can also be stored in wooden crates at a temperature of about zero degrees. It should be noted that large fruits emit ethylene during storage, so they must be placed separately from other products.
A Chinese apple tree decorates the lawn well and can serve as an original hedge. Cut in the form of various figures, it will give special charm to a corner of the garden. Fragrant flowers and fruits of unusual sizes create a special mood in the country. And tasty and healthy apples, prepared according to special recipes, will become one of the main dishes of any feast.
You can find out about the features of growing apples of the Grushovka Moscow variety here.
Kerr apples are most often used for making compotes, preserves. The goose stuffed with these fruits has a special, refined taste and aroma. Candied fruits are also made from them.
Belfler apples are also suitable for making jelly, mousse, wine, cider, jelly, and are good as dried fruits.
Below are some recipes for the preparation of delicious desserts from apples of the presented varieties.
For 1 kg of apples with tails, 1.5 l of water and 1.5 kg of sugar are needed. For soda solution - 1 liter of water and 2 teaspoons of soda. The apples are pricked and placed in a soda solution for 2 hours. Then they are immersed in hot syrup and heated to a boil, allowed to stand for 6 hours. Then the syrup should be boiled, dip the apples in it and again set aside for several hours. So repeat one or two more. Then boil the fruits in syrup until tender.
Stewed apples for the winter
In a sterilized three-liter jar, you need to put the washed and dried apples so that they occupy half the volume, pour 2 cups of sugar in the same place and pour boiling water over boiling water. Then the cans are rolled up, shaken so that the sugar is dissolved, turned down with the neck and wrapped.
Stewed apples "Belfler" for the winter
The apples are peeled, cut off the peel, cut into slices, put into jars. Then they are poured with boiling water with sugar (3: 1), after 5 minutes the liquid is drained through a colander. So repeat 2 times. For the third time, apples are poured in boiling syrup to the edge of the can (there should be no air) and rolled up.