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Currant is very fond of many summer residents, as it is healthy, tasty and unpretentious. A variety of varieties makes it possible to satisfy any desires and requirements. Lovers of sweet fruits are advised to purchase seedlings of the modern and dessert variety of currants Green Haze. Let's get acquainted with its description, features, photos and reviews.
The authors of the Green Haze variety are Sergeev KD and T.S. Zvyagin. A new hybrid was created at VNIIS im. Michurin by crossing two known varieties of currants - Karelian and Minai Shmyrev.
Since 2004, Zvyagin and Sergeev's currants have become widespread. The Green Haze hybrid was included in the State Register, and it became possible to plant it in many regions of Russia. It grows well in the Urals, Eastern and Western Siberia, in the Black Earth, Central and North-Western regions.
Description of the hybrid
A medium-ripening blackcurrant variety called Green Haze with high yields. In the photo you can see a small bush covered with large berries during the fruiting period.
Shrubs of this variety are medium-sized, slightly spreading. Young stems are straight, bright green in color. Over time, they begin to turn stiff and acquire a gray color with a yellowish tinge.
The kidneys are elongated, ovoid, brown in color, and have a short stem. The leaves are characterized by a rich green color, large size, matte surface and five-lobed shape. They also have serrated teeth with a white end at the edges.
The hybrid blooms with small flowers that are shaped like a glass. Sepals stand out with a reddish tint. On the kidney, there are 1-2 brushes with a length of 7 to 9 cm.
Currant Green haze gives large to medium black berries. They have a small number of seeds, thin skin and a rounded shape. Their weight varies from 1.2 g to 1.5 g. The fruits are easily detached without being damaged.
Green haze currant berries are sweet with a slight sour aftertaste. They are rich in trace elements necessary for health, such as calcium, iron, phosphorus. They contain a large amount of vitamin C and serve as the prevention of many diseases.
The chemical composition of the berries:
- sugar (fructose, glucose);
- organic acids;
- vitamin C;
- dyes and tannins.
Many gardeners also note the nutmeg flavor of the fruit. Fragrant currant bush Green haze will decorate the garden and present with delicious berries.
Features of the
Green haze berry bushes have proven themselves well among beginner and experienced gardeners. As a result of hybridization, a competitive variety is obtained, which has absorbed the best qualities.
Currant Green Haze has high yield rates. Under favorable conditions, one plant can produce from 3 to 5 kg of berries. The average yield is 12 tons per hectare.
The plant does not bear fruit immediately after planting the seedling. They can be obtained only after the currant bush overwinters, gets stronger and takes root. In May it begins to bloom, and at the end of June or early July, the first fruits can be harvested. In summer, the shrub is completely covered with berries.
Important! The currant bush bears fruit for 11-14 years, and the highest yield brings in 6-7 years of growth.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of the modern Green Haze hybrid are:
- large berries (1.2-1.5 g);
- fast ripening, the harvest can be obtained in the first half of summer;
- adaptability to low temperatures;
- abundant fruiting;
- resistance to many fungal diseases and powdery mildew;
- suitable for mechanized cultivation technology;
- ease of care.
The only drawback of the Green Haze currant is its vulnerability to kidney mites, which is why it often infects them.
The nutmeg flavor of the currant Green haze makes this variety attractive to culinary professionals. Its pronounced aroma is preserved in various dishes and pastries.
Due to the high content of pectin in berries, the Green Haze variety is excellent for making marmalade, jelly, jelly, marshmallows and jams. Vitamin compote and wine are also prepared from it. It can be stored frozen or grated with sugar without additional heat treatment.
To improve taste and aromatization, the leaves of the bush are added to tea, fish and meat.
Advice! By regularly adding dried or fresh currant foliage to tea, you can cleanse blood vessels of cholesterol and improve brain function.
In order for the currant bush to bear fruit well and grow quickly, you need to choose a suitable place for it, plant it correctly and provide rational care in the future.
You can plant Green Haze currants during the entire period of growth and development. But experienced gardeners recommend planting seedlings in the fall. It is better to do this in the second half of September or early October. Before the onset of frost, they will be able to get stronger and take root, and with the arrival of spring they will grow. You can plant a hybrid in the spring, but it is advisable to do this before the buds swell.
Site selection and preparation
When growing currants, she needs to select a site suitable for her:
- The place for berry bushes should be well lit. If the region has extremely high temperatures and dry air in the summer, the currants should be slightly shaded by pulling a net over it. Otherwise, it may burn out. But in the shade, it will take longer to develop.
- The site must be calm. It is advisable to plant currant seedlings near a fence or wall on the south or southwest side to protect the plant from strong winds.
- The plant likes fertile, slightly acidic or neutral soil most of all. The most preferred are loams.
To prepare the site, it is recommended to dig up the soil to a depth of 25-30 cm and apply fertilizer. You can add humus, superphosphate and wood ash to the soil.
Important! It is undesirable to plant seedlings of the Green Haze variety in a place where currants or gooseberries have already grown, since the soil gets tired of one culture and accumulates toxins.
After choosing a suitable place, proceed to planting. Currant saplings of the Green Haze variety are planted at intervals of at least 150-200 cm from each other.
Step-by-step landing instructions:
- Prepare a hole 40 cm deep and 50 cm in diameter.
- If the soil has not been fertilized, put humus, superphosphate, ash and potassium sulfate on the bottom of the pit. Pour 5 liters of water into it.
- Spread out the roots of the seedling and place it in the prepared groove at an angle of 45 degrees.
- Sprinkle it with soil, deepening the root collar 5-7 cm deeper than in the mother liquor. This promotes the emergence of new roots and shoots.
- Compact the soil around the currants and pour abundantly with a bucket of water.
- Cut the bush with pruning shears, leaving 5-6 buds on each shoot.
- In order for moisture to remain in the soil longer, it is covered with a protective layer (leaf humus, hay, peat sawdust).
Subsequently, the Green Haze berry bushes need to be properly cared for.
Currants need regular watering, feeding, loosening and proper pruning of branches.
A young plant does not tolerate drying out of the soil due to the shallow root system. Fruits become sour and small without sufficient watering. When the top layer of the earth dries up, the bush needs to be watered with 1-2 buckets of water. If the weather is hot, spray the plant with a sprayer. Water treatments are especially important during flowering and fruiting.
Procedures such as loosening the soil, removing weeds and applying mulch are essential for Green Haze currant berry bushes. The soil around them should be light and breathable.
Every year, with the arrival of spring, it is advisable to apply fertilizers to the soil. For this, a solution of urea or carbamide can be used, while spending 50 g of the substance per root. This should be done before bud break.
Important! The shoots of the plant must be cut off immediately after planting, leaving 4-6 buds on them. In early spring, old branches are cut with a pruner, leaving the strongest and youngest.
Thus, a currant bush is formed for the first 5 years. Then sanitary pruning is done every year.
By following all the recommendations, you can grow a healthy plant that will regularly bring a rich harvest.
The Green Haze variety is undemanding to care for, but violation of the cultivation technology can weaken the plant, change the taste and quality of berries, and reduce productivity.
- The berry bush grows in the shade. For the growth and development of flower buds, the plant needs a lot of light (when the sun is burning, you can shade slightly).
- Drying out of the soil. In the summer, especially in the heat, currants are sensitive to overheating of the roots and lack of water.
- Excess fertilizer. The leaves will grow actively, and the number of berries will decrease.
- Incorrect formation of the currant bush. Older branches produce less fruit, so you should stimulate the growth of young shoots by pruning the plant.
A plant weakened by improper care is more easily affected by various pests and diseases, therefore it is important to carry out timely prevention. A competent approach to the process of growing currants can increase its productive life.
Vladimir, 36 years old, Yekaterinburg
This currant is the dream of summer residents. The bush is small in size, so it is easy to maintain. The berries are large, the skin is thin, and the pulp is juicy and sweet. The wife grinds them with sugar, pours the resulting mixture into containers and puts them in the freezer. Currant Green haze has been working with us not for the first season. We collect 1.5 kg of fruits from the bush.
Elena, 28 years old, Yaroslavl
I have been growing a variety of currants called Green Haze for the second year. I bought seedlings from titled breeders. The berries are sweet with a nutmeg flavor that I really like. This is what makes it different from my other varieties. The only negative for me is that when overripe, the fruits sometimes burst. But, most importantly, do not bring it to this. I breed seedlings for sale, and people take them well and do not complain.
Svetlana, 50 years old, Bryansk
Black currant Green haze is a rather unpretentious variety. For several years it has been growing in the country, all I do is water it once a week, and in the spring I dig in and cut the bush. Begins to give berries from the first year. By the way, they make an excellent jam, which my grandson adores.
The hybrid is grown by both beginners and experienced gardeners, who generally characterize it positively. It is a fruitful and highly resistant to fungal diseases variety. According to summer residents, Green Haze is similar in description and characteristics to Black Pearl currants.